Gastric bypass surgery is a good solution for obese patients where a healthy diet and exercise are not enough to lose weight. In the first step of the gastric bypass surgery procedure, the size of the stomach is reduced to a volume of about 30 to 50 cc, to ensure the patient experiences a feeling of fullness with smaller portions of food. The second step of gastric bypass surgery involves the bypass of a portion of the small intestines, which causes food absorption to be partially reduced. This ensures the excretion of high calorie foods consumed by the patient.
Preparing For Gastric Bypass Surgery
When preparing for gastric bypass surgery, patients are evaluated in detail by a team of weight loss doctors (also known as bariatric surgeons). This comprehensive evaluation before weight loss surgery is essential for all patients. Endocrinologists (hormone specialists) and psychiatrists are also involved in preparing a patient for gastric bypass surgery. Depending on the overall health of the patient, lung and heart specialists may also be consulted with prior to gastric bypass surgery.
Gastric Bypass Surgery Procedure
There are many possible weight loss surgery techniques that use the laparoscopic method. Gastric Bypass surgery is a laparoscopic weight loss surgery procedure that is recommended by experts as the most effective treatment, particularly in the United States. After making 4 to 6 small incisions in the abdomen of the patients, (about 1cm in length), cameras and instruments are placed in the surgical site. During the gastric bypass procedure, 95 percent of the stomach is bypassed, and a portion of the stomach about the size of an egg is left functional.
Recovering From Gastric Bypass Surgery
When recovering from gastric bypass surgery, follow-up in the hospital is required for 4 to 6 days. A dietitian will provide a nutrition plan for the period up until the first post-op checkup. For the first year, a team of medical experts including an endocrinologist, a psychiatrist, a dietitian, and a bariatric surgeon will closely monitor a patient’s progress and health. These checkups are necessary for patients to easily adapt to their new physique and to also learn how to use food in a healthy, effective way.
Gastric Bypass Surgery Results
The results of gastric bypass surgery are generally seen within the first year post-op. Health conditions related to obesity like heart disease, type II diabetes, hyperlipidemia (high levels of fat present in blood), high cholesterol, hypertension, and similar metabolic disorders can improve dramatically after gastric bypass surgery, which allows these conditions to be controlled more easily.
Gastric Bypass Roux-en Y is a combination of two types of bariatric surgery techniques for weight loss. The first restricts the size of the stomach (restrictive method) and the second limits the amount of calories your body absorbs from food (malabsorptive method).
Gastric Bypass Roux-en Y is the preferred surgical treatment for obesity, and is a safe procedure performed on hundreds of people daily. To limit the risk of side effects post-surgery patients should carefully follow all guidelines given by surgeons.
It sometimes helps to think of a stomach as a sink with a plug hole. If you fill a sink slowly, the water will drain through but if you pour too much water into the sink at one time, the sink overflows. Post-gastric bypass, a patient's stomach is similar to a sink: the plug hole is smaller than before and the amount you can put into it at one time has to reduce to help it drain.
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