No one wants to be diagnosed with vascular disease as it can be very frightening. Vascular surgery is a large field of medicine that deals with the vascular system (arteries and veins). The vascular system consists of the vessels that carry blood.
Arteries and veins carry oxygen rich and oxygen poor blood to and from the heart. Since arteries and veins maintain the life of the heart, a healthy vascular system is crucial to the health of our bodies. Problems within in the vascular system can lead to serious complications that may require vascular surgery.
With age, the arteries in the vascular system can narrow and restrict the blood flow, leading to arteriosclerosis, which is the build-up of plaque within arteries. Certain diseases can weaken the walls of arteries and affect blood vessels. The formation of blood clots in the arteries can block the flow of blood to the heart and lead to a heart attack.
Age can also bring about enlarged veins that result in varicose veins (“spider veins”), more commonly in women than in men. Varicose veins can cause pain and swelling in the legs, as well as other parts of the body. Varicose veins are bulging, unattractive veins usually found in the legs and ankles as a result of veins becoming weakened and no longer efficiently moving blood against the stream of gravity up to the heart. Vein treatment such as vein stripping is a vascular surgery procedure that removes varicose veins.
Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) also referred to as inurement of the arteries or atherosclerosis. This buildup of fatty plaque narrows the blood vessel passageway in the legs and can be existent without any signs of discomfort. Peripheral Disease is often overlooked. This is precarious because it can lead to non-healing ulcers, infection or as severe as losing a leg. Individuals with this disease are at amplified risk for heart attack and stroke.
Atherosclerosis, or the toughening of the vessels, can also occur in the arteries supplying your bowel and kidneys. The contraction of blood vessels inhibits enough blood supply to the bowel or the kidneys prohibiting its demands.
This article was written by the medical research team at WhereismyDoctor.com
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