More than 3 million women and 1 million men are stressed with cystitis. Your urinary system includes your kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. This system plays a key role in removing waste from your body. A bladder infection can be excruciating and irritating, and can become a serious health problem if the infection spreads to your kidneys. When treated promptly and properly, bladder infections seldom lead to impediments such as kidney infections and blood in the urine.
Cystitis is an inflammation of the bladder, occasionally involving the tube that drains urine from the bladder, called the urethra. Cystitis is the most common form of urinary tract infection and ensues mostly in women. Men and children can also experience cystitis. Types of Cystitis include: Interstitial cystitis, Drug-induced cystitis, Radiation cystitis, Foreign-body cystitis, and Chemical cystitis.
Individuals who have cystitis may endure the subsequent symptoms:
•Painful or burning urination
•Sense of urgency to urinate
•Continually urge to urinate, but almost nothing comes out when you try
•Pressure in your lower pelvic area
•Fatigue •Vomiting •Fever •Pain during sexual intercourse
•In men, discomfort or pain in the penis or scrotum
•In women, the symptoms worsen before their menstrual period.
Diagnosis of Cystitis includes: Urine analysis - Urine samples determine whether bacteria, blood or pus is in the urine. Cystoscopy - Inspection of your bladder with a cystoscope — a thin tube with a light and camera attached that can be inserted through the urethra into your bladder — may help with the diagnosis. a small sample of tissue (biopsy) may be removed for analysis in the laboratory. Imaging tests - X-ray or ultrasound, may help rule out other potential causes of bladder inflammation, such as a tumor or structural irregularity.
Bacterial infection causes most stretches of cystitis. Though the urinary tract is sterile, germs can enter the body through the urethra and cultivate inside the bladder. This bacterial growth sources the inside walls of the bladder to become irritated. Women tend to get infections more often than men because their urethra is shorter in distance to the anus.
Some people are more likely than are others to develop bladder infections or recurrent urinary tract infections. Women are one such group. A key reason is physical anatomy. Women at greater risk of Cystitis include: •Sexually Active
•Use of Birth Control Risk Factors for both men and women include:
•Intervention urine flow
•Variations of the immune system such as diabetes, HIV infection and cancer treatment
•Extended use of catheters
Cystitis is typically treated with medication including: Oral antibiotics - Oral antibiotics (Amoxicillin, Sulfa drugs, Cephalosporins, Nitrofurantoin, Doxycycline, Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole) are the most common medications used to treat cystitis to kill the bacteria causing infection. Painkillers - Pain-relieving drugs (Phenazopyridine, Ibuprofen, Naproxen sodium) help treat symptoms of burning and urgency. Antispasmodics - Prescription-only medicines (Detrol, Urispas, and Oxybutynin) help decrease the muscle spasms that cause urgency to urinate. Surgery is rarely used to treat cystitis. It can occasionally be utilized for individuals suffering from interstitial cystitis. Surgery also can be useful for correcting an underlying structural blockage or abnormality that is causing recurring cystitis.
Antibiotics are the first line of treatment for cystitis caused by bacteria.
Doctors typically recommend the following tips to prevent bladder infections:
•Drink sufficient amounts of liquids, especially water. •Urinate frequently
•Take showers rather than tub baths
•For women, gently wash the skin around the vagina and anus on a daily basis.
•Empty the bladder immediately after intercourse.
The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor.