Issues and disorders related with the urinary tract and related organs

By Sarah Leavitt, Medical Research EditorLast modified: October 17, 2011


Urology is the area of medicine concerned with the urinary tract. Urologists are specialized in treating complaints of the kidney, bladder, uterus, urethra and male reproductive organs. Problems with the urinary tract are often connected to changes or problems with the reproductive organs. 

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

The most common urology problem is a urinary tract infection. UTI's are a bacterial infection in the urinary tract which can cause pain and discomfort when urinating. Symptoms of a UTI include frequent urination, pain passing urine, bladder spasms, blood in the urine and lower abdominal pain. Urologists diagnose urinary tract infections with a urine test and treatment is commonly antibiotics.

Bladder Infection

A bladder infection is a more severe version of a UTI. A bladder infection occurs if a urinary tract infection is not treated and the bacteria advances to the bladder. The majority of bladder infections are caused from sexual intercourse transmitted UTIs. Untreated bladder infections can lead to incontinence so it is important patients visit a urologist if symptoms occur.


Incontinence can affect people of all ages and occur for a number of reasons. Diabetes, bladder damage, obesity, pregnancy and stroke can all cause problems controlling the urge to urinate. There are three degrees of incontinence; stress incontinence, overactive bladder and overflow incontinence. Therapy to train the bladder muscles, electrical stimulation of the bladder muscles and walls and medications are frequently used to control incontinence. In cases of severe incontinence, urologists may recommend surgery.


As men age, the prostate is one area of the body where problems are likely to occur. The prostate is located close to the bladder making problems with the prostate a concern of urologists. Infections of the prostate, an enlarged prostate and prostate cancer are all treated by urologists. If men experience problems or pain urinating, painful ejaculation or difficulty gaining an erection a visit to a urologist is recommended.


The male reproductive organs and the urinary tract system are closely connected. Urologists are the medical professionals which treat complaints of the penis and testes.A vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control for men: a urologist performs a small surgical procedure which prevents the release of sperm when a man ejaculates. Although a vasectomy is considered a permanent method of birth control, reverse vasectomy is possible and this is also performed by a urologist.


The kidneys are a major organ in the urinary system. Urologists ensure that the kidneys function properly to filter the urine and the blood. Kidney infections are often treatable with antibiotics. Urologists diagnose and treat all forms of kidney disease











Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

The prostate is an exclusive gland to men that surrounds the start of the urethra. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is a noncancerous enlargement of the prostate gland.

Cosmetic Urology


More than 3 million women and 1 million men are stressed with cystitis. Cystitis is the inflammation of the bladder.

Erectile Dysfunction

Impotence, or erectile dysfunction (ED), may result from the total inability to achieve erection, an inconsistent ability to achieve an erection, or the ability to only sustain a brief erection.

Male Impotence

Nearly 30 million men suffer from various degrees of male impotence or erectile dysfunction. Disconnect with your health can lead to stress, relationship issues and affect your self-confidence.

Overactive Bladder

Overactive bladder affects nearly one in 11 adults in the United States. Learn how to avoid or treat unexpected bladder contractions.

Prostate Exam

Prostate exam is unavoidable for some men and a good precaution for men facing trouble with prostate functions.


Nearly a half of million American men each year elect to have vasectomy surgery as means for permanent birth control.

Vasectomy Reversal

Five percent of males who underwent a vasectomy will choose to have a vasectomy reversal, the surgical reversal to restructure fertility options.

Kidney Disease

The main function of your kidneys is to remove waste from the blood in your body. If the kidneys fail to remove waste products efficiently, kidney disease, kidney disease and other health conditions can occur. The kidneys are the organs responsible for balancing the minerals and vitamins in your blood and assist with regulating blood pressure. The kidneys also affect the amount of red blood cells produced by your body.

Kidney disease usually affects people with high blood pressure and diabetes.

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Copyright © 2010 WhereismyDoctor.com. All rights reserved

This article was written by the medical research team at WhereismyDoctor.com
WhereismyDoctor.com does not intend for any of the information on this site to be regarded as medical advice - it is meant as a starting point for understanding treatment details and options before contacting a registered, licensed doctor. We advise all patients to seek medical advice from a doctor.
View sources

© 2010 Medstar LLC. All rights reserved. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of WhereismyDoctor.com' s terms of use and privacy policy.

The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor.