Traditional Surrogacy

The surrogate mother uses her own eggs in traditional surrogacy

By Sarah Leavitt, Medical Research EditorLast modified: January 17, 2012

Traditional Surrogacy

Traditional surrogacy is a type of surrogacy where the surrogate mother uses her own eggs to generate a pregnancy. Traditional surrogacy is less common than other forms of surrogacy like gestational surrogacy, but still occurs throughout the world today. This is due to the fact that a surrogate mother who uses her own eggs is therefore genetically related to the child. The intended parents may not want their surrogate mother to be genetically tied to the child. Furthermore, it is more difficult for a surrogate mother to give up the child at birth if she is genetically connected to the child. Giving up a child is always difficult, but traditional surrogacy makes it all the more emotionally challenging.

Traditional surrogacy is a means for infertile couples to have their own children. Traditional surrogacy is a treatment option for women with severe female infertility factors whose eggs cannot fertilize for one reason or another. In traditional surrogacy, the intended mother uses none of her reproductive organs and, therefore, holds no genetic link to the child. Traditional surrogacy is also an option for same-sex male couples seeking gay surrogacy.

In a traditional surrogacy procedure, the embryo may be created through intrauterine insemination (IUI) or through in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The intended father can provide his own sperm or donated sperm may be used. If he uses his own sperm, he will be genetically related to the child. The sperm will either be injected into the surrogate mother’s uterus in an IUI procedure or eggs will be extracted and fertilization will take place through a regular IVF procedure.

A lot of legal contracts are involved with traditional surrogacy due to the emotional impact of the procedure. Patients will want to discuss all possible legal matters with their doctors to avoid any controversies that may arise.


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