Gestational Surrogacy

Gestational Surrogacy allows parents to use their own eggs and sperm

By Sarah Leavitt, Medical Research EditorLast modified: January 17, 2012

Gestational Surrogacy

Gestational surrogacy has become the more popular method of surrogacy. Gestational surrogacy is when the intended mother and father provide their own eggs and sperm to create an embryo that is then carried to term by a surrogate mother. Gestational surrogacy is an infertility treatment option for couples who cannot successfully carry a pregnancy but can produce healthy embryos.

Gestational surrogacy most often takes place to overcome female infertility factors. Women who still have healthy eggs but have had their uterus removed are good candidates for gestational surrogacy. This means the female can provide the egg to generate an embryo but does not have the needed womb to carry out the pregnancy. Women with certain medical conditions for which pregnancy would put their lives in danger are also good candidates for gestational surrogacy. Other times, the female simply does not want to go through the process of pregnancy and the side effects associated, so she prefers to have a surrogate mother produce her child.

The gestational surrogacy procedure involves a surrogate mother and intended parents. Before the procedure begins, all legal paperwork will be completed. This is to avoid complications that may arise. You will want to go over all sorts of different scenarios should a complication occur.

The procedure begins in a similar fashion to a regular IVF procedure. The mother-to-be will take follicle stimulating hormones (FSH) to stimulate her uterus to produce more eggs. Eggs are extracted and fertilized with the father’s sperm (or in some cases donated sperm may be used) through in-vitro fertilization.  Meanwhile, the surrogate mother will take certain fertility drugs to prepare her uterus for the embryo.

Rather than transfer the embryos back to the mother, they are transferred to the uterus of the surrogate mother. The intended parents are usually very involved with the surrogate mother’s pregnancy process. At the time of deliver, the child will be handed over to the intended parents.

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Copyright © 2010 All rights reserved

This article was written by the medical research team at does not intend for any of the information on this site to be regarded as medical advice - it is meant as a starting point for understanding treatment details and options before contacting a registered, licensed doctor. We advise all patients to seek medical advice from a doctor.
View sources

© 2010 Medstar LLC. All rights reserved. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of' s terms of use and privacy policy.

The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor.