Orthopedic Therapy

Orthopedic devices and techniques for healing, support and repair.

By Kai Wade, Director of Communications & Social MediaLast modified: January 23, 2012


Orthopedic therapy involves the diagnosing and treatment of nerve, muscle, bone, and soft tissue injuries, and the pain associated with these injuries, without surgery. Conservative non-surgical treatments may include physical therapy, Pilates, massage therapy, cryotherapy, interventional spine care, medications, moist heat packs, injections, and electrodiagnostic studies.

Physical therapists focus on the neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, and cardiopulmonary systems in relation to the motion and function of the body. It is their primary goal to evaluate and provide treatment for individuals with health problems resulting from injury, disease, or overuse of muscles or tendons. Often times, physical therapy is combined with occupational therapy.

Occupational therapy uses purposeful activity to aid individuals with physical, developmental, or emotional disabilities lead independent, productive, and satisfying lives.

Massage therapy works to decrease the pain and stimulate the circulation of blood to the muscles and the flow of lymph. Massage therapists work under the direction of a physical therapist using massage techniques combined with trigger point, passive stretching, and joint mobilization.

Cryotherapy has become one of the more common treatments with its use of ice in a therapeutic setting. Pilates is a type of therapy developed to increase strength, flexibility, and control of the body.  It is based on six core principles: concentration, control, center, flow, precision, and breathing.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory pain medications, defined as NSAIDs are commonly arranged for patients with orthopedic problems such as arthritis, bursitis, and tendonitis. Cortisone injections are useful in treating many conditions such as trigger fingers, tennis elbow, and tendon tears. The injections aim to calm the excessive inflammatory progression that may be due to injury, excess use, or similar problems.

Electrodiagnostic Studies:

Nerve Conduction Study or NCS - Locates conditions to the peripheral nervous system including all the nerves that lead away from the brain and spinal cord and the surrounding nerves. This study is typically used for carpal tunnel syndrome or Guillain-Barré syndrome.

Electromyography or EMG - Locates conditions of the muscle tissue, nerves, or the junctions between nerve and muscle. This study is typically aimed at herniated disc, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or myasthenia gravis.

Studies are executed to identify nerve and muscle conditions that cause pain, weakness, numbness, and tingling.

Learn more about your orthopedic therapy options by contacting an orthopedic surgeon in your area.

Orthopedic Braces

Orthopedic braces are used to correct curvatures of the bones, to restrict movement or to prevent bones and joints from moving. Also known as an orthosis or orthotic brace, orthopedic braces are most commonly used to correct misalignments of joints. 

Orthopedic braces sit securely over bones and joints to allow the muscles to strengthen to hold the body in correct alignment.

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