Treatment and regeneration for injured tendons

Last modified: December 21, 2011

Beatrice Woods
Licensed Practical Nurse


Tendons are the liaison between bones and the muscles. All the muscles in the human body are attached to the bones by cords of strong tissue called tendons. Tendons are somewhat like ligaments except ligaments attach bone to bone. The main role of the tendon is to transmit strength between muscle and bone. The connection allowed by the tendons aid in the motion of our bodies. Tendons make it possible for us to go about our activities of daily living with ease. Every movement we make would not be possible with involvement of the tendons. Tendon deviations are a common occurrence. Tendonitis is the irritation and swelling of the tendons.  

Tendonitis Symptoms

There are many signs and symptoms of development of tendonitis. Pain and discomfort at or near the affected tendon is usually the first sign of a problem. Inflammation and redness to the area, and a change in range of motion may also be present.

Common Places for Tendonitis Development

There is no discernment related to the formation of tendonitis. Tendonitis can occur anywhere in the body where bone is attached to muscles.  Typically tendonitis occurs in the joints. Rotator cuff tendons are common in the shoulder joint. Tennis elbow is inflammation of the tendons and muscles of the elbow. Hand and wrist tendons are frequently swollen and inflamed.

Diagnosing Tendonitis

Immediate intervention by a physician is needed at the first sign of deviation from normal activity to prevent the tendonitis from developing into a chronic condition.

A physician will make a diagnosis after performing a physical examination and evaluation of the type and location of the pain. X-rays of the affected area may be taken. In some cases a specialized x-ray called an MRI may be taken to help the physician make his diagnosis. After examination the physician will make treatment recommendations.

Risks Factors for Tendonitis

Multiple elements can contribute to the development of tendonitis. Factors usually seen include, sports, causes excessive strain on the tendons, age, as we increase in age the tendons lose their pliability increasing the likely hood of an injury and certain types of arthritis. The type of work a person does also has an influence on the development of tendonitis. Jobs and recreational activities that require excessive duplication of the same movements puts you at a greater risk for tendonitis because of the repetitive motion.

Tendonitis Treatments

The first step in tendonitis treatment is to cease the activity related to pain. Relaxation and ice applications are beneficial, wrapping the injured area and elevation of the affected area reduces pain and swelling. Medication is also indicated to help with pain control. Surgery may be required for tendonitis cases that do not respond to home remedies.

Recuperation from Tendonitis

Every person heals at a different pace. No two people will have the same recovery period.  The recuperation period may last a few weeks to a couple of months. Total recovery from tendonitis will depend on the severity of the tendonitis and the general health of the individual prior to the development of tendonitis.

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