Shoulder Bankart Procedure

Surgical repair and treatment of dislocated shoulder

Last modified: December 21, 2011

Beatrice Woods
Licensed Practical Nurse

Shoulder Bankart Procedure

Shoulder Bankart Procedure

The ball and socket joint of the shoulder allows us to perform many of our day to day activities. The flexibility and frequency of shoulder use puts it at a greater risk for injury. Occasionally the shoulder ball becomes disjointed from the shoulder socket, this misalignment is known as a shoulder dislocation.

Dislocations of the shoulder occur more frequently than all the joints in the human body. There are varying degrees of shoulder dislocation. The disconnection of the shoulder is labeled either complete or partial. Partial dislocation is the disassociation of a portion of the shoulder ball and socket. This also called subluxation.

A dislocation to specific areas of tissue and ligaments around the shoulder socket is known as a labrum tear or labrum lesion. The shoulder joint can be dislocated for various reasons. The most popular causes are trauma and falls. The dislocation is very painful. Shoulder surgery is usually necessary to correct the dislocation. Young athletic men who play sports have a greater chance of sustaining a shoulder dislocation than women.

What is Shoulder Bankart Surgery?

Shoulder bankart  surgery is performed by an orthopedic surgeon to mend a specific area of shoulder tissue and ligaments known as the labrum. The surgery is named after the orthopedic surgeon Arthur Bankart because of his skill and expertise in the area of shoulder dislocations.

Shoulder Bankart Surgery Risks

There are always risks involved with the surgical process. The surgeon and patient usually discuss possible surgical complications prior to the having surgery. Popular complications to shoulder surgery include increased pain, fever, infection and insufficient wound healing of surgical site. 

Shoulder Bankart Surgery

Once the patient is inside the operating room, comfort measures are provided by administering general anesthesia aiding in pain control and relaxation. Within a sterile atmosphere the surgical site is positioned and cleaned. The orthopedic surgeon chooses the surgical style of procedure. Shoulder bankart surgery can be done in an open shoulder surgery or closed procedure. 

Closed shoulder arthroscopic surgery involves the use of  specialized lighted tools with a camera connected and tiny incisions to see within the shoulder structure and perform repairs.   The surgeon excises the skin over the shoulder joint uncovering the damaged labrum area. The surgeon proceeds to make the needed repairs, mending torn ligaments, sewing them back to the shoulder socket.  The surgeon may use surgical anchors in place of sutures to help secure mended ligaments in place. When the surgery is done the incisions are sutured close and a bandage and arm sling are applied.

Recovery from Shoulder Bankart Surgery

Adhering to medical instructions given before shoulder surgery is critical after shoulder surgery. Physical therapy and arm sling compliance plays a big role in rehabilitation. Elevation of the surgical area promotes healing and reduces pain and swelling.  The pace of recovery will be different for all patients.

Cost of Shoulder Bankart Surgery

The cost of bankart shoulder surgery will alter from one patient to the next. The type of procedure performed, whether the surgery performed was open or closed and complications after the surgery are only a number of variables affecting surgery cost.  

FInd an orthopedic surgeon who preforms Shoulder Bankart Surgery in your area.

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This article was written by the medical research team at does not intend for any of the information on this site to be regarded as medical advice - it is meant as a starting point for understanding treatment details and options before contacting a registered, licensed doctor. We advise all patients to seek medical advice from a doctor.
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