Shin Splint Injury (Medial Tibia Stress Syndrome)

Help for lower leg pain

Last modified: December 21, 2011

Beatrice Woods
Licensed Practical Nurse

Shin Splint Injury (Medial Tibia Stress Syndrome)

Recreational runners and athletes are more prone to lower leg pain and injury, the impact between their feet and the pavement they run on can be harmful. Pain in the lower leg may be caused by injury to the area or over utilization of the muscles in the lower leg. 

Pain and or discomfort near the shinbone and muscle of the lower extremity is known as shin splint injury or medial tibia stress syndrome. Shin splint injuries are treatable. The pain is usually tolerable and resolved with cessation from the exercise related to the pain, ice applications and medication. Shin splint surgery may be an option for unresolved lower leg pain, and swelling.

Shin Splint Injury Diagnosis

The physician considers your physical examination, pain location, along with the use of x-rays to make a diagnosis of shin splint. After physician assessment proper treatment is prescribed.

Shin Splint Injury Prevention

Measures can be taken to counteract the development of shin splints. The most common suggestions are, decreasing exertion with activities, knowing when to rest tired muscles in the lower extremities, exercising with adequate rest periods and adequate loosening of muscles before and after physical activity.

Shin Splint Surgery

Prior to the start of surgery general or regional anesthesia is given to the patient for comfort and pain. Inside a sterile field the surgical site is properly positioned and cleaned.

The orthopedic surgeon makes an incision near the affected area in lower extremity down to the fascia thus relieving pressure to the area. The incisions are left open. The surgical sites are medically monitored for 2-3 days. The combination of pressure relief and the existence of no additional swelling, the procedure are viewed as successful. The wounds are then stitched close and a bandage is applied.

Shin Splint Injury Risks

The most common risk associated with shin splint surgery includes improper healing of incision, and the increased risk of infection.

Cost of Shin Splint Therapy and Surgery

The cost of shin splint therapy will deviate for each individual.  The type of treatment received, length of hospital stay, surgical procedure performed, and the development of complications will all affect the price tag. It's best to contact an orthopedic surgeon who can asses the severity of your situation and provide you with an exact cost of the therapy and surgery.



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This article was written by the medical research team at does not intend for any of the information on this site to be regarded as medical advice - it is meant as a starting point for understanding treatment details and options before contacting a registered, licensed doctor. We advise all patients to seek medical advice from a doctor.
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