Hip And Knee

Arthritis is the foremost cause of hip and knee joint deterioration.


By Kai Wade, Director of Communications & Social MediaLast modified: January 12, 2012




Hip And Knee

Arthritis is the foremost cause of hip and knee joint deterioration, pain, and movement limitation. The hips and knees are central weight-bearing joints and are highly vulnerable to work related and sports injuries. Hip and knee injuries and conditions can be particularly painful and devastating. Amongst arthritis, sprains and strains, knee ligament tears, meniscal (cartilage) tears, stress fractures, hip fractures, and Osteonecrosis of the hip can also be associated with this pain.

A muscle strain, also known as a pull or tear, is a common injury that all of us have probably endured at one point or other. The thigh has three sets of solid muscle: the hamstring muscles located in the back of the leg, the quadriceps muscle in the front, and the adductor muscles on the inside. The quadriceps and hamstring muscle jointly facilitate the leg to straighten out and bend. The adductor muscles, or the groin, pull the legs together. These muscles are vulnerable to strains because they both intersect at the hip and knee joints.

The knee is the largest joint in the body, and typically the most injured.

There are four major ligaments found in the knee: anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL). Many athletes experience injuries to their knee ligaments.

When people talk about torn knee cartilage, they are usually referring to a torn meniscus. The meniscus is the rubbery cartilage that is attached to the knee's ligaments. The meniscus acts like a shock absorber. Tears in the meniscus can occur when twisting, cutting, pivoting, decelerating, or being tackled when direct contact is made.

The hip is one of the body's largest weight-bearing joints. If your hip has been damaged by arthritis, a fracture or other conditions hip surgery may be considered. Hip surgery includes: Total hip replacement, revision, resurfacing, minimally-invasive hip replacement, and arthroscopy.

With a rapid recovery, hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that is useful in the treatment of selected hip disorders young, active individuals. It allows the surgeon to safely and precisely assess damage to the joint and to provide corrective measures where required with distinctive instruments and image guided tools. Disorders of the hip that are left untreated can lead to osteoarthritis.

Don’t let knee or hip pain hold you back from what you love to do!











Hip Replacement


The ball and socket joint of the hip is one of the most versatile joints in the body. A protective covering for the bones, called cartilage, cushions the joints allowing for independent movement. Damaged cartilage caused by arthritis leads to joint pain, which can have a big impact on normal, day-to-day activities. Hip pain relief is typically the main reason why most people choose to undergo hip replacement surgery.



Knee Replacement


Chronic pain in the knees can be caused by arthritis, a fracture, break or a medical condition which has weakened your joint. If the pain in your knee is not helped by anti-inflammatory tablets and it is increasingly difficult to perform everyday activities such as standing, bending and light walking, knee replacement surgery might be the treatment option you need.


Shin Splint Injury


Pain and or discomfort near the shinbone and muscle of the lower extremity is known as shin splint injury or medial tibia stress syndrome. Shin splint injuries are treatable. The pain is usually tolerable and resolved with cessation from the exercise related to the pain, ice applications and medication. Shin splint surgery may be an option for unresolved lower leg pain, and swelling.



Hip Osteotomy Surgery


Hip Osteotomy Surgery is a surgical procedure performed by an orthopedic surgeon involving the slicing, excision and remolding of the hip joint.


Hip Resurfacing Surgery


Hip resurfacing involves the surgical reshaping and recovering of damaged hip joint ball and socket using a metal prosthesis.


Knee Arthroscopy Surgery


A knee arthroscopy is a surgical procedure performed by the orthopedic department. The process involves the placement of mini instruments into small incisions allowing the surgeon to see the interior aspects of the knee for assessment and treatment recommendations.






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