Establishing healthy habits early in life is a good defense against bone loss later in life. The bones are designed to provide support and stability to our bodies. An early stage of bone loss and deterioration is known as osteopenia.
Osteopenia is a milder version of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a bone disorder known for thin, weakened bone tissue and substandard levels of bone density. Fractures of the bones are commonly associated with osteoporosis. Unbalanced hormone levels, inadequate diet and certain medications are a few factors that can overload the bones causing vulnerability to osteoporosis.
Because bone loss is subtle and painless regrettably a broken bone is usually sustained before the diagnosis of osteoporosis can be made. A test to determine the bone susceptibility to osteoporosis called a bone density test is done. The physician will make the diagnosis of osteoporosis after evaluating test results, patient medical history, and performing a physical examination. Pictures of the bones taken by x-ray and blood tests are usually included in the diagnosis process.
Numerous factors play a role in the development of osteoporosis. Some can be altered others we have no control over.
Components that we cannot change include:
Gender; women have less bone mass and are likely to lose bone mass after menopause.
Race; osteoporosis occurs more in slender Caucasian and Asian women.
Age; as we get older the chance of developing fractures from weak and fragile bones increases.
Family history; relatives with certain disorders increases our chances of acquiring the same disorders.
Modifiable factors include: smoking, tobacco use aids in weakening of the bones. Alcohol, over indulgence interferes with calcium absorption. Poor nutrition, insufficient amounts of vitamin d and calcium aid in bone loss. Calcium is needed to build healthy bones and vitamin d assists calcium take up. Exercise, strengthens bones and muscles.
Osteoporosis treatments are necessary to halt bone destruction. A few recommended treatments include, maintaining proper nutrition, controlling alcohol consumption, and exercising to promote bone mass and maintain bone density. Also terminating tobacco use and making adjustments towards fall prevention and professional monitoring of medications that aid in bone loss.
The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor.