Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
Many of couples of today face the serious problem of infertility
. ART is a combined method used for treating infertility. There are several types of ART procedures used either partially or actively to achieve pregnancy. In clear terms ART is a well defined approach in which eggs are first retrieved from the woman’s body. The sperm and egg is then fertilized outside the woman’s body and then implanted back in the woman’s uterus.
A Good Candidate For Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
Assisted Reproductive Technology has enabled not only infertile couples but millions of single men and women, gay, lesbian and transgender couples to have babies and start a healthy family. Assisted Reproductive Technology requires a sperm donor to initiate the process. ART is also performed to avoid the risk of some communicable diseases like AIDS.
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Procedures
Assisted Reproductive Technique constitutes a group of minimally invasive procedures and some time needs both sperm and egg donors in case the female does not ovulate properly or the male faces some testicular problems.
Preparing For Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
Prior to the procedure the reproductive specialist conducts counseling of the prospective couples and examines the vaginal or uterine ultra sounds to make sure everything is how it should be to the begin the ART procedure.
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Treatments
The woman is often stimulated with drugs to produce more eggs required for conception. In vitro fertilization (IVF)
: This is one of the most commonly used procedures. Your eggs are combined with your partner's sperm in a dish in a laboratory. Once fertilization has occurred, the resulting embryos develop for 3 to 5 days before being placed in your uterus.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
: This is a very latest and successful ART technique in which a single sperm penetrates a single egg under a highly magnified microscope. ICSI is effective in males with low sperm counts or couples with failed IVF procedures.
Gamete Intrafallopian transfer (GIFT): In this procedure the sperms and eggs are collected and transferred into the fallopian tubes of the female through a catheter where the fertilization occurs. The sperm and eggs are termed as gametes here.
Zygote Intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT): In this method after the retrieval of eggs and sperm the fertilization takes place in the laboratory and when the gestation occurs( an embryo or zygote is formed and developed) the zygote is transferred in the female’s uterus.
ART procedure may also be facilitated with the help of donor embryos in case of infertile couples. The parents of the child will not be genetically related but will have legal rights of the child.
Recovery From Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
All the ART procedures take very less time to recover and occur under general anesthesia. The patient may have to reappear for usual pregnancy checkups and take some medications for proper health and development of the fetus.
Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) Success Rates
Most of the ART procedures are almost 90% successful and the children out of them are free from any defects. There is also very low percentage of miscarriages or preterm labor in females undergoing the ART procedure.
Cost Of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)
The expenses for Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) are quite affordable in many of the developing countries like Mexico
who have extensive facilities for all the ART procedures in a sprawling environment for fertility tourism. One can even consult with the IVF specialists via satellite to get a quote and the respective details of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).