Prevention Of Heart Disease

Prevent heart disease to live a healthy life

By Brandie Umar, Executive Director of ContentLast modified: October 07, 2011

Prevention Of Heart Disease

Heart disease or heart conditions caused by a congenital heart defect cannot be prevented, however many heart problems develop as a result of a non-active lifestyle with a high cholesterol, high fat diet. To prevent heart disease developing;


Lose weight

Obesity is the number one cause of heart disease worldwide. Obesity has been linked to high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and diabetes, all known to cause narrowing of the arteries, heart failure, abnormal heart beat and heart attack. Maintaining your weight at a healthy BMI of between 18.5-25 will reduce the strain on your heart. 


Start moving

People who are not active are more at risk of heart disease than those who exercise regularly. Physical exercise not only helps maintain a healthy weight but will lower cholesterol, control diabetes and will prevent blood clots. 


Quit smoking

Smoking is the leading cause of heart disease after obesity. When you smoke the tar and nicotine stick to the insides of arteries, clogging them and making the artery walls thicker. If the arteries become blocked, blood is unable to flow around the body and patients are at risk of heart attack, stroke and other heart diseases.


Drink less alcohol

Drinking alcohol in moderation is not bad for your health, however drinking more than the recommended limit a week puts you at risk of developing heart disease. Women should drink no more than 2 units of alcohol (one large glass of wine) a day and men should limit their alcohol intake to 4 units a day. 


Eat healthily

A diet low in sodium (salt), red meat and low in fat reduces the chances of heart disease developing. Eating a diet balanced with protein and fiber, cutting back on saturated fats and consuming more Omega-3 can help keep your heart healthy. Whole grain foods can significantly reduce the risk of diabetes related heart disease.  


Have regular health checks

Even if there are no symptoms of heart disease, it is advisable to have a complete health screening once a year to prevent any illnesses going undetected. Cardiologists will check for any symptoms of heart disease and offer medication to prevent any problems developing. 

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This article was written by the medical research team at does not intend for any of the information on this site to be regarded as medical advice - it is meant as a starting point for understanding treatment details and options before contacting a registered, licensed doctor. We advise all patients to seek medical advice from a doctor.
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