Heart Valve Stents And Angioplasty

An optional procedure that may be perform with angioplasty treatment

By Winnona Carter, Medical Research EditorLast modified: October 12, 2011

Heart Valve Stents And Angioplasty

Heart Valve Stenting is a optional procedure that may be performed to treat heart disease. The stents help in keeping previously clogged or blocked blood vessels from re-narrowing or closing. The treatment is the next step after medication and life style changes have failed. If the Heart Valve Stents fail, heart surgery will have to be performed.

Heart Valve Stents And Angioplasty Defined

Heart Valve Stenting is a minimally invasive treatment for heart disease due to clogged or blocked arteries. Heart Valve Stenting is an optional procedure, often performed, in conjunction with another procedure called angioplasty. Angioplasty is a non surgical heart procedure that is used to open blocked heart arteries. Heart Valve Stents were invented to assist in the prevention of the re-narrowing of arteries after an angioplasty procedure.

Heart Valve Stents And Angioplasty Procedure

The steps of a Heart Valve Stenting Procedure are as follows: A tiny, collapsed wire mesh or plastic tube, a stent, is placed over a balloon located at the tip end of a long and thin tube, a catheter. The catheter is guided with a long and thin wire, through a small incision, made on either a leg or arm, up through an artery that leads to the clogged or blocked site located in the heart. The balloon is inflated causing the stent to expand. The stent is expanded until it is fastened into place in the artery. The stent remains permanently within the artery to hold it open for adequate blood flow through the heart. The stents may or may not be coated with medication.

A Good Candidate For Heart Valve Stents And Angioplasty

Good candidates for Heart Valve Stents are individuals who are suffering from average to severe narrowing or clogging of one or more heart arteries. The individuals should also have symptoms of having heart disease such as: chest pains, shortness of breath and numbness in limbs. Individuals who suffer from kidney problems, diabetes, severe heart disease, numerous blocked arteries, small or narrow arteries or have a weak heart would not be good candidates for Heart Valve Stents.

Benefits Of Heart Valve Stents And Angioplasty

The benefits of Heart Valve Stenting is that it is less invasive than having heart surgery, it is lower in cost than having heart surgery and it requires less recovery time.

Heart Valve Stents And Angioplasty Risks And Side Effects

There are risks and side effects to having the Heart Valve Stenting procedure performed. They include: internal bleeding, blood clots, kidney problems, infection, rupturing or tearing of the heart artery, re-narrowing of the artery, stroke and heart attack.

Costs Of Heart Valve Stents And Angioplasty

The cost of Heart Valve Stenting ranges from 25,000 to 50,000 dollars.

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