Most women have experienced cramps and pain during their menstruation cycle. These symptoms are normal. However, some women experience these symptoms in other areas of the body. This may be due to Endometriosis.
Endometriosis is a women’s health condition in which cells from the lining of the uterus grow in other parts of the body, but usually within the pelvic area. The displaced cells still respond to hormonal changes. Thus, in the areas located outside the uterus where the cells are growing, all symptoms of menstruation may be experienced. Endometriosis is present during a woman’s reproductive years; however, the condition has been known to occur after menopause.
Symptoms of Endometriosis vary from person to person and from mild to severe. Symptoms could include: lower back pain, severe cramps, pelvic pain, pain during sexual intercourse, the frequent urge to urinate, pain while urinating, tiredness, constipation and infertility. The degree in which symptoms are experienced should not be considered an indication of how severe or mild the condition is.
An initial diagnosis may be made during a pelvic examination. Concrete diagnosis is made by way of a minor surgical procedure during which a visual examination of the pelvic and abdominal regions is done.
The exact cause of Endometriosis has not yet been determined.
Although an exact cause is not yet known, certain factors contribute to having a higher risk of developing Endometriosis. Factors such as: a family history of Endometriosis, aging and having a medical condition that affects the normal menstruation route.
There is no cure for Endometriosis. Treatment is based on relieving symptoms and is dependent on the severity of the condition and the wants of the sufferer. Treatment could include: medication, hormone therapy and surgery to remove the displaced tissue. In severe cases, a hysterectomy may be performed.
Medications for treating Endometriosis include: pain medication and medications to reduce or block certain hormones. The pain medication will help with managing the pain and may be over the counter or prescribed. Hormone medications could include birth control and other medications that prevent menstruation.
There is no way to prevent to Endometriosis.
The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor.