Also known as cephalgia or serious discomfort around the head, neck or occipital region.

By Puloma Banerjee, Medical Research EditorLast modified: February 21, 2012


Head aches are intense throbbing pains that one suffers from due to many reasons. Head aches may be caused due to tension,migraine, stress, menstruation or spinal and neck problems.

Headaches Defined

Headaches are also known as cephalgia or serious discomfort around the head, neck or occipital region. They are often caused by stress or anxiety or tumors present in the brain. Headaches could last briefly or can bother one for a hours at a time. Sometimes headaches may even lead to surgery required to remove pressure caused by tumors on the brain.

Symptoms Of Headaches

Symptoms of headaches include continuous throbbing in and around the head region and in serious cases headaches might even cause vomiting or dizziness and blurring of vision.

Diagnosing Headaches

Headaches could be caused by a simple reason or serious reason and if headaches are caused after an injury or remain for a long time then one should immediately consult a doctor as these could be a sign of more serious symptoms like hemorrhage or even cancer. The type of headache is diagnosed according to the position, duration and time of occurrence. Headaches can be diagnosed by CT scan, MRI, X-rays or lumbar puncture.

Causes Of Headaches

Causes of head aches may be common or serious like smoke, noise, exertion, fever, poor sleeping posture, UV rays, heat, drug addiction, improper digestion, sinusitis, premenstrual syndrome, smoking or due to some life threatening illnesses like cancer, meningitis, hemorrhage, stroke and high blood pressure.

Risk Factors Of Headaches

Risk factors from headaches may lead to accidents on the road or at home as it can effect ones mental balance and attention. Headaches should not be ignored and should be treated immediately by taking an over the counter pain reliever, ointments and in serious cases talk to your doctor or go to the emergency room.

Treatment For Headaches

Headaches could be treated by pain medications which may be either over the counter or prescription drugs like Ibuprofen, Aspirin, or Naproxen. Sometimes headaches could also be treated by alternative therapies like yoga, physiotherapy, hypnotherapy, naturopathy and even using color therapy.

Medications For Headaches

Headaches could be treated by over the counter drugs or sleeping pills. Tylenol, Asprin and Motrin are common over the counter drugs for headaches. Sometimes even ointments and sprays can help alleviate headache pain.

Recovery From Headaches

For recovery from headaches one needs to take proper rest, diet and regular exercise and a health check up from your physician on time.

Prevention Of Headaches

Stay away from dust, smoke, junk food, noisy environment and maintain your body by regular exercise.

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