Gastroenterologists and hepatologists specialize in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of digestive disorders. Gastroenterology is a branch of medicine encompassed by digestive diseases.
The focus of gastroenterology includes the analysis and treatment of diseases involving the pancreas, liver, gallbladder, esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine (colon).
Gastroenterology specialists examine patients for gastroesophageal reflux disease, GI cancer, pancreatic cancer, hepatitis, cirrhosis, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), colitis, Crohn's disease, and inflammatory bowel disease. Symptoms relevant to digestive problems include constipation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, heartburn, rectal bleeding, weight loss, and severe pains in the abdominal region.
Hepatology is the medical specialty concentrating on the treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the liver. Hepatology is often practiced in concurrence with gastroenterology. Hepatologists treat liver diseases such as hepatitis and cirrhosis.
One third of world population has been plague-ridden with the Hepatitis B virus at some point in their life. Hepatitis in linked to 80% of liver cancer patients. Caring for a patient undergoing a screening for colon cancer to the complex supervision of a patient awaiting liver transplantation, gastroenterology specialists and hepatologists introduce the following widespread treatments, procedures, and tests:
- Colonic polypectomy
- Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
- Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)
- Endoscopy (for control of gastrointestinal bleeding and esophageal dilation - including gastroscopy, upper endoscopy and endoscopic ultrasound)
- Esophageal Manometry, Flexible Sigmoidoscopy, Laser endoscopy
- Liver Biopsy
- Nutritional counseling
- Papillotomy with stent placement and
- Stone extraction
To learn more about the prevention and treatment of digestive disorders, contact a gastroenterologist near you.
The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor.