Foot Care (Podiatry)

Proper maintenance and care of the feet

By Kai Wade, Director of Communications & Social MediaLast modified: October 17, 2011

Foot Care (Podiatry)

Feet age just as unpredictably as the rest of our body does. You start hearing the creaks as the joints stiffen and become painful. Our feet begin to lose their once-advantageous cushion. Podiatry is the region of medicine apprehensive to treatment of foot, ankle and lower leg problems.

Contrary to what several individuals reflect on, our feet should never hurt. If this occurs, our feet are most likely trying to convey to us that something is wrong. Foot pain can sometimes even warn us of a further major health concern. Persistent toe pain can indicate bad circulation throughout your body and substantial swelling in the ankles or toes can signal congestive heart problems.

Blisters, hammertoes and arch hitches can lead to arthritis. Favoring one foot to lessen the pain increases your weight balance causing stress on the joints leading to hip, knee and back problems. Diabetics often experience circulation problems in the feet and nerve difficulties.

According to the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society, every inch that you increase your heel height on any type of shoe, your body weight is pressed forward. Think about the weight bearing effects of your posture. Put your weight on the ball of your foot, you lean forward in order to maintain balance. Each inch of the heel of your shoe cause significant knee strain.  For women, if a high heel reaches three plus inches, there is seven times more stress on the ball of the foot than when wearing a one inch heel. This unnatural foot position is the leading source of bunions, neuromas, ankle sprain or fractures, along with corns, calluses and blisters.

Routine Foot Care Tips:
-Keep toenails cut and filed to a comfortable length.
-Smooth and moisturize dry and rough skin.
-Examine your feet for cracks, rough breaks in the skin and irritation patches such as blisters.
-Look for signs of infection or evident early un-natural problems.
-Choose proper socks and footwear that allow mobility and warmth.
-Keep your feet fresh and dry.

The most important thing is to take care of your feet. Pain is not normal or inevitable. Foot care plays the biggest role in preventing foot complications before they start.

Find a Foot Doctor, Podiatrists, or Chiropodist near you.

Athletes Foot

Athlete's Foot is a contagious fungal infection that affects the feet. The same fungi that causes ringworm and jock itch causes Athlete's Foot. The fungi lives on the human body, but moist, humid conditions causes the fungus to grow out of control and cause infection. Athlete's Foot is characterized by cracked, flaky dry skin that itches and burns.

Diabetic Arthropathy (Charcot Foot)

Diabetic Arthopathy (Charcot Foot) is a very serious condition with severe complications. The condition could lead to deformity, disability and amputation. The condition is caused by the inability to feel pain brought on by injury or trauma leading to bone disintegration and damage.

Foot Tendonitis

Foot Tendonitis develops when a particular tendon located in the foot is overworked and becomes sore and inflamed. If tendonitis occurs all activity should be stopped immediately. If tendonitis is left untreated or if recovery does not happen, the tendon could rupture and surgery would have to be performed to repair the tendon.

High Arch (Cavus Foot)

High arch is the above normal elevation of the instep of the feet that some people are born with.

Ingrown Toenail (Onychocryptosis)

Ingrown toenails are nails of the toe that expand into the surrounding skin. Onychocryptosis can appear in any toe but is typically seen in the big toe.

Jones Fracture

A Jones Fracture is a break in the long bone located below the smallest toe. The break can happened suddenly or start small and progress unnoticed. A Jones Fracture is difficult to heal from and may develop into a chronic condition.

Orthopedic Footwear

Orthopedic Footwear is footwear that assist in correcting foot problems that occur due to injury, genetics or disease. Most off the shelf footwear do not take into consideration unique characteristics that an individual may have. Orthopedic Footwear does.


Osteomyelitis is an infection of the bone. The condition can happen to anyone. If left untreated the consequences could lead to removable of the infected limb.

Pediatric Podiatry

The specialized care and treatment of disorders and conditions of children's feet.

Plantar Fasciitis And Heel Spurs

A diagnosis of plantar fasciitis also commonly known as heel spurs should not be assumed because of discomfort and pain near the heel of the foot. Assessment by a podiatrists is needed to determine the exact cause of heel pain and to ascertain the proper treatment plan.

Polydactyly (Extra Fingers Or Toes)

Polydactyl is a condition thought to occur during fetal development. Disorders of the bone should be evaluated by a physician for proper evaluation and treatment suggestions.

Hammer Toe Surgery

Hammer Toe Surgery is a foot surgery that corrects the abnormal bending and swelling of the small toes. It can also be referred to as a bone spur, rotated or deformed toe.

Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

Copyright © 2010 All rights reserved

This article was written by the medical research team at does not intend for any of the information on this site to be regarded as medical advice - it is meant as a starting point for understanding treatment details and options before contacting a registered, licensed doctor. We advise all patients to seek medical advice from a doctor.
View sources

© 2010 Medstar LLC. All rights reserved. Use of this site constitutes acceptance of' s terms of use and privacy policy.

The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor.