The Branch of Medicine Dealing with the Anatomy, Physiology, and Diseases of the Eye.
Sight is vital to our overall well-being. If you cannot see properly every aspect of your life is tainted. Protecting and improving vision is what ophthalmologists are trained to do. Minor eye-sight problems can be solved by wearing glasses or contact lenses; however some problems may need surgery to correct them. Many sight-threatening diseases, if detected prematurely can be alleviated or treated to prevent, or interrupt the development of vision loss.
The most significant preventive step in eye care is getting routine examinations by a qualified ophthalmologist. Individuals with diabetes are severely at threat for several eye disorders, comprising of diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma, retina detachment, and should have annual routine examinations or follow instructions set by their doctor.
The Eye Structure: cornea (the clear front window of the eye), lens (transparent structure inside the eye), pupil (dark aperture in the iris), retina (nerve layer that lines the back of the eye), iris (colored part of the eye)
Each individual eye is exclusive.
The lens is predominantly made of water and proteins. A nourished lens is clear, permitting light to pass through directing it onro the retina. As we age the body becomes less conditioned, the lens proteins can cluster together, creating cloudy areas called cataracts. They reduce the amount of light that extends to the retina, making vision hazy or dim.
Cataracts left untreated will initiate blindness, and are in fact the primary cause of blindness worldwide. Cataract surgery is one of the more collective procedures performed in which the entire lens must be removed.
Open-angle glaucoma, commonly distresses nearly 4 million US patients whom most are unaware of it. Glaucoma is active when normal fluid pressure inside the eyes rises slowly leading to vision loss, or even blindness. Currently no known cure for Glaucoma has been discovered; early detection and treatment can help prevent additional loss of vision or blindness.
Age related macular degeneration (AMD) is a fearsome vision disorder normally associated with old age, but can also occur earlier in life. The center of vision is lost, but peripheral vision is preserved. Frightfully the condition can evolve slowly or very rapidly.
Are you suffering with vision difficulties or a variation in vision? An ophthalmologist can advise you on the best surgical or laser option to restore 20-20 sight.
Cataracts cause a clouding of the eye lens making vision blurred and if left untreated, cataracts can cause total loss of vision. Cataract extraction surgery removes the cataract and restores vision .
Cornea transplants are one of the most commonly performed transplant surgeries and eye surgeries.
The cornea is the dome-shaped lens at the front of the eye. The cornea is responsible for 2/3 of the eyes light and image focusing. Damage to the cornea, caused by injury or disease is repaired with a cornea transplant that replaces the damaged corneal tissue with donor tissue.
Diabetes is a progressive condition that overtime damages not only the overall health of your body but can cause eye sight problems and even blindness.
The retina is the tissue at the back of the eye and contains tens of tiny blood vessels. In front of the retina is the lens, the lens focuses light that enters the eye back to the retina. The retina acts almost like a camera film - when the light sent for the lens hits the retina, the retina send images back to the brain where the images are processed.Diabetes mellitus damages the lens and the retina over time.
Glaucoma is a progressive form of eye disease that damages the optic nerve. Glaucoma is caused by the eyes being unable to correctly drain fluid which causes pressure to build up in the eye. High pressure in the eye damages the optic nerves and if left untreated, glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness.
Laser eye surgery, commonly known as Lasik, is a revolutionary way to improve vision. By reshaping the cornea, opthamologists can improve vision impairments caused by a number of eye conditions. Frequently asked questions about laser eye surgery
The information on this site is not a substitute for diagnosis or treatment from a licensed medical practitioner. If you are experiencing a serious medical condition call your local emergency services or your doctor.