Prostate cancer self-examination

Check for prostate changes

By Sarah Leavitt, Medical Research EditorLast modified: October 04, 2011

Prostate Cancer Self-examination

Prostate cancer is the most common male cancer after lung cancer and affects over 20,000 men each year. There is a 90% chance of developing prostate cancer before the time a man reaches 80. Most common in males over the age of 45, prostate can be diagnosed in men of all ages.

All men should be regularly screened by a doctor for prostate cancer and it is recommended that men perform self-examinations between visits. 

How to perform a self-examination for prostate cancer

  • It is important that men are relaxed before checking for changes in the scrotum muscles. Try and check the scrotum after a bath or shower to make it easier to identify changes.
  • Raise one leg and rest the leg on a chair or surface to feel comfortable. 
  • Feel the scrotum sac and identify the left testicle.
  • Using both hands, roll the testicle gently between thumb and fingers. A healthy testicle is oval in shape and should feel firm but not hard.
  • Check for any lumps.
  • Repeat the examination of the other right with the alternate leg raised.
  • Hold the scotum sac in the palm of your hand and note the weight of each testicle. It is not unusual for one testicle to be larger than the other, but both testicles should way the same. 
  • Be sure to repeat the examination regularly.

 If the testicles are painful, appear swollen or you notice a change in shape, contact a doctor immediately.





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