Nose Cancer

Cancer inside of the nose or paranasal cavities surrounding the nose


By Triston Brewer, Medical Research EditorLast modified: September 14, 2011



Nose Cancer

Nose Cancer

What is Nose Cancer?


Nose cancer, also known as nasal cancer, is a malignant tumor that begins on the inside of the nose or paranasal cavities surrounding the nose. The cancer forms from the flat thin cells in the epidermis lining the nasal cavity, eventually multiplying without control or order.


Symptoms of Nose Cancer


The symptoms of nose cancer are very similar to those seen in skin cancer, and they are very hard to detect in the early stages of development. The primary symptoms of nose cancer are lumps in the neck, bleeding, from the nose, stumbling blocks in the nasopharynx, throat swelling, production of pus from one side of the nose, and infection of the nose. There are many other secondary symptoms as well that are harder to detect in those with nose cancer so getting treated early is critical.

Causes of Nose Cancer


Researchers have pinpointed several factors which can cause nasal cancer. Certain jobs have been singled out as causing nose cancer, specifically industrial jobs such as those that work with metal, carpenters, furniture makers, mill workers, and bakers. The agents that they work with - metal, chemical solvents, dust particles - have all been linked with nasal cancer, typically in males over the age of 40. Smoking has also been listed as a contributing factor for those diagnosed with nose cancer.

Types of Malignant Nose Cancer Cells


Nasal cancer comes in many forms and it is imperative to consult with a physician to determine which, if any, you are possibly suffering from. Squamous cell carcinoma is the most common form, involving the structures of the head and neck. Adenocarcinoma is the next most common form of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus cancer. Malignant melanoma, known as a very aggressive cancer, affects for less than 1% of tumors in this area of the body. Additionally, there are inverting papilloma, midline granuloma, lymphoma, esthesioneuroblastoma, and sarcoma. For the best treatment, detection  involves testing for certain signs specific to each type of cancer cell as early as possible for treatment.


Tests & Diagnoses of Nose Cancer


To test for nose cancer, there are a few tests currently used by physicians. A physical exam is a general test which checks for general signs of health, including signs of the disease via lumps or anything else deemed unusual. Patient history and previous illnesses and health are taken into account, with attention paid especially for swollen lymph nodes.  X-rays are used to go through the body where doctors can scan the inside to get a more in-depth view of the body's current state. A nasoscopy is a procedure that checks the nose specifically for any signs of cancerous tissues, using a nasoscope that is inserted directly into the nose. and the samples then checked on a microscope. lastly, a biopsy is the removal of tissues or cells that are viewed by a pathologist for signs of cancer.


Treatment for Nose Cancer

Treatment of nasal cancer encompasses three types of standard procedures. Surgery is the removal of the cancer during operation and is the most common treatment for all stages of nasal cancer. Radiation kills the cancerous cells to keep them from growing. Two types of radiation therapy are used: external radiation therapy uses a machine laid outside the body to send radiation towards the cancer, while internal radiation therapy uses a radioactive substance that is placed directly into or near the cancer. And finally, chemotherapy uses drugs to stop the growth of cancer cells, with injections taken orally or injected into a vein.

Cost of Nose Cancer Surgery

The costs associated with treating nose cancer surgery vary greatly, depending on the stage of the cancer present in the body, the type of cancer, the type of insurance and any co-payment, and other variables. As well, the elected treatment can drastically decrease or increase the total fees. To find out about the cost of nose cancer surgery in a location near you, search within our directory today.

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